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Historical Timeline of Vellore

Vellore has a rich past which started with the building of the Vellore Fort by Vijayanagara King in 16th century AD. This timeline details the history of Vellore from ancient times till modern day with the help of pictures.

Vellore fort was built by a Vijayanagara King.

16th century AD

Vellore became the capital of Vijayanagara Empire.

1606 AD

Battle of Toppur, a largest war in South India, was fought

1616 AD

The Sultan of Bijapur captured the Vellore fort from the Vijayanagara Kings.

1656 AD

The throne was acquired by the Marathas from the Bijapur Sultans.

1678 AD

The Mughals of the Delhi Army captured the fort strengthening the Muslim governors of Deccan.

1707 AD

Ambur war.

1749 AD

Arcot war

1751 AD

Vandavasi war

1760 AD

The ruling Nawab (Mughal) was supported by the British to fight against French troops in all the battles.

The Britishers held the Vellore fort as a garrison till Indian Independence.

1760 AD-1947

Vellore mutiny or First war of Indian Independence occurred.

1806 AD

The famous Vellore Jail was inaugurated

1830 AD

The American Arcot Mission College was established.

1898 AD

The Christian Medical College (CMC) hospital was set up.

1900 AD

Vellore clock tower was built.

1920 AD

Amirthi Zoological Park was inaugurated.


Sripuram Golden Temple was open to devotees.


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