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Geography of Vellore

Vellore district (in Tamil Nadu State) is bound by Andhra Pradesh State towards its North, Thiruvannamalai district (Tamil Nadu) in the South, Tiruvallur district in the North East, Kancheepuram district in the South East while Krishnagiri district in the Southwest. Major towns in the district are Ambur, Arcot, Wallajapet, Arakonam, Jolarpet and Sholinghur.

Vellore experiences low rainfall (996.7 mm annual rainfall) is throughout the year with semi-arid climate. It lies in the Eastern Ghats region, on the banks of Palar river. It is not rich in mineral resources and its topography is almost plain with slopes from East to West.

Palar River in Vellore

Located just 135 kms. (85 miles) from Chennai, the city encounters high temperature throughout the year.

  • Hottest Months: April to June
  • Coldest Months: December-January
During summers, humidity ranges from 40%–63% while during winters, it ranges between  67%–86%. Temperature in  Vellore ranges from a maximum of 40.5°C (104.9°F) to a minimum of 18.4°C (65.1 °F). Vellore receives  of rainfall every year due to southwest monsoon which brings scanty rainfall between the months of June and August.

Agriculture in Vellore

Due to less rainfall in Vellore, agriculture is not carried out to a large extent. Thanjavur and other neighbouring districts have taken up agriculture in a large way. However, crops grown in Vellore include cotton, paddy, bajra, groundnut, sugarcane and ragi. Gudiyatham town near Vellore has a Sugarcane Research Centre too.

Rivers in Vellore

Running parallel to Eastern Ghats where Vellore is located, Palar river covers around 290 kilometres! Cheyyar, Pambar and Malattar are the tributaries of Palar river, but the irony is that these stay dry for most duration of the year. Palar river is the main source of water for denizens and industries of Vellore.

The ground water has to be guarded against pollution and contamination from effluents from tanneries and industries in this region. Ponnai is yet another river in this district but these rivers are not used for irrigation as these are seasonal.

Forest Cover in Vellore

Around 162286 ha. of area in Vellore district is under forest cover. Green forest cover is more prominent in regions such as Vaniyambadi, Gudiyatham, Thirupathur and Taluks of Vellore.
Gudiyatham, Walajah and Vellore taluks have extreme climate as they are encompassed by hills. Arakkonam Taluk has a more moderate climate all through the year, though winters are really cold.
Official Website of Vellore District 

Soil Type in Vellore

Soil found in Vellore is chiefly red loam soil. However, other type of soils are also found in some regions which include gravelly, stony, sandy loam soil, black loam soil and sand clay loam. The type of soil found on the banks of Palar river includes Alluvium soil.

Fast Geographical Facts about Vellore

Geographical Position:

North Latitude: Between 12 °15’ and 13 °15 ’
East Longitude: Between 78°20’ and 79°50’

  • Total Geographical Area: 5920.18 Sq.kms.
  • District Headquarters Name: Vellore
  • Total Population: 3936331 (Rural 2234344, Urban 1701987): 
  • Population density per Sq. km: 648

Agricultural Divisions in Vellore District

Vellore Block has been divided into three agricultural divisions: Vellore, Kaniyamabdi and Anaicut.Chittoor  district (Andhra Pradesh) is on the North, Thiruvannamalai District is on the South, Krishnagiri District is on the West and Thiruvallr and Kanchipuram Districts are on the Eastern side of Vellore.

Hills in Vellore District

The Yelagiri hills (Elagiri is a tourist village here) adorn the western side of Vellore district. Eastern side comprises of rocky base.Swamimalai is another peak in Thirupathur Taluk. Javadu (2,500ft.from sea level) are high mountains in Thirupathur Taluk. Thirupathur is a tourist destination with a circuit house, lodging facility, rest house, government traveller's bungalow etc. It is 75 kms from Vellore city and is famous as 'Ooty of Vellore district'.

Yelagiri Tamil Nadu

The scenic beauty will leave an indelible mark on any tourists mind. Other places of interest here are Poly Garden House, Jalagamparai Water Falls, Mangalam Fishing Pond, Thayalur Horiculture Farm, Murugan Koil, Sericulture Farm in Mangalam Village, Telescope House and  Valley View point.

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